domingo, 3 de maio de 2015

COMOROS - 30 das 100 belas ilhas que pretendo visitar antes de morrer 3







COMOROS

The Comoro Islands or Comoros (Shikomori Komori; Arabic: جزر القمر ‎, Juzur al-Qamar; French Les Comores) form an archipelago of volcanic islands situated off the south-east coast of Africa, to the east of Mozambique and north-west of Madagascar. They are divided between the sovereign state of the Comoros and the French overseas department of
Mayotte. The islet of Banc du Geyser and the Glorioso Islands are sometimes included as part of the archipelago.


Geography

The Comoro Islands are located in the Mozambique Channel to the north-west of Madagascar and facing Mozambique. These volcanic islands, covering a total area of 2034 km², are:

Ngazidja (or Grande Comore): the largest island, with the capital of the Union of the Comoros, Moroni
Ndzwani (or Anjouan)
Mwali (or Mohéli)
Maore (or Mayotte): under French administration, and including
Pamanzi (or Petite Terre) Mayotte's second-largest island. Supports Mayotte's only airport in Dzaoudzi
Banc Vailheu, or Raya, lies 20 km west of Grande Comore, is within 7m of the surface at low tide.
Two islets, have been considered part of this archipelago, by various sources, and at different times:

The Banc du Geyser, a reef measuring 8 by 5 km in area, some parts of which are emergent, situated 130 km Northe North-East of Mayotte. It is claimed by Comoros, France and Madagascar.
The Glorioso Islands (French Îles Glorieuses) were administratively attached to the archipelago before 1975, and, geologically speaking, form a part of the archipelago.
In addition, between Madagascar and Mayotte, there is the Banc du Leven, a former island which is submerged these days.

The affinity between the Comorian flora and the Madagascan flora is certain. The presence of the Banc du Leven, along about one hundred kilometres to the extreme north-west of Madagascar between the Montagne d'Ambre and the archipelago could partly explain this affinity. In fact, this bank with a tabular appearance presents coralligenous sediments which can be attributed to the presence of a coral reef during the... LINK 

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